Emergence and spread of G3P[8] rotaviruses possessing an equine-like VP7 and a DS-1-like genetic backbone in the Basque Country (North of Spain), 2015


Arana A, Montes M, Jere K, Alkorta M, Iturriza-Gómara M, & Cilla G

Unit Authors:

Miren Iturriza-Gomara


In March 2015, an atypical G3P[8] rotavirus with an equine-like VP7 gene was detected in Gipuzkoa (Basque Country, Spain) and spread contributing significantly to the seasonal epidemic. The strain was identified in fecal samples collected from 68 patients, mainly children from rural and urban settings with acute gastroenteritis, representing 14.9% of the 455 rotavirus strains genotyped between July 2014 and June 2015. Seven patients (10.3%) were hospitalized. Full genome analysis of six of these strains revealed a DS-1-like genotype constellation, G3-P[8]-I2-R2-C2-M2-A2-N2-T2-E2-H2, and showed that most genome segments shared the highest nucleotide sequence identity with strains isolated in Japan, Thailand, Australia and the Philippines. The strains of Gipuzkoa were similar to novel G3P[8] reassortant rotaviruses with an equine-like VP7 gene and a DS-1-like genetic backbone that emerged in the Asia-Pacific Region in 2013. The study highlights the circulation of these atypical rotaviruses outside the Asia-Pacific Region of origin, and their emergence in a European Region. Due to their unusual genotype constellation, these strains pose a challenge for the rotavirus strain surveillance, since G-/P-typing, the most commonly used classification system, cannot identify this type of intergenogroup reassortants.


Infection, Genetics and Evolution





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